Parkinson’s disease is a progressive nervous system disorder that affects the movement of an individual. The signs and symptoms of this disorder don’t occur suddenly but develop over time. It may start with just a barely noticeable tremor in one hand, to deteriorate to other conditions such as stiffness or slowed movement. In the early phase of the disorder, patients may experience shaking, rigidity, slowness of movement, and difficulty with walking. This disease may also affect thinking and cause behavioral problems. One of the most common symptoms of Parkinson’s disease in the advanced stage of the disease is dementia. Other common symptoms that patients do present with include depression, anxiety, which affects about one-third of people affected with the disorder.
The exact cause of Parkinson’s disease is not known yet. However, there are suggestions that genetics and environmental factors may play important roles in the development of the disease. In addition, individuals with a family history of this disorder also have a high chance of developing the disorder. Individuals that are frequently exposed to pesticides, those with previous head injuries all have a high risk of developing Parkinson’s disease. Persons that smoke or drink coffee have a low risk of developing the disease. The condition has no cure yet. However, there are treatments that are aimed at improving the symptoms of patients. The initial treatment of this disorder may include antiparkinson medications such as Levodopa used with dopamine agonists. Studies have suggested that medical cannabis might improve sleep, tremor, motor function, and so on. 9 out of the 10 individuals that took part in the study shown significant improvements in their symptoms, and one patient though his symptoms got worse after the study. Although the one candidate with complaints, told that “sometimes it speeds up the tremor at the start, then it relaxes it,” the researchers said.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms Of Parkinson’s Disease?
The signs and symptoms presented by persons affected with Parkinson’s disease are usually different for everyone. Some of the early signs may be mild, and the patient may not even pay attention to it. The symptoms usually start on one side of the body, then it worsens, before affecting both sides. Some of the signs and symptoms of the disorder include the following:
Tremor: This is one of the commonest symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. It usually starts from the limb, mostly the hands or fingers. The patient may rub his/her thumb back and forth. Patient’s hand may tremor when at rest.
Rigid muscles: The muscles of the affected person may become stiff. This may affect any part of the body. The muscle rigidity may limit the range of motion of the affected part.
Reduced movement: The disease tends to reduce the movement of the patient, as the disease progresses. This makes life difficult for the patient and would have to spend more time carrying out simple tasks. They might also find it difficult getting out of a chair.
Loss of automatic movements: Persons affected with Parkinson’s disease may have a reduction in their ability to perform unconscious movements. This may include smiling, blinking, and swinging your arms when walking.
Impairment in writing: Persons affected with Parkinson’s may find it difficult to write. In addition, their writing may also appear small.